"People who forget history, history forgets them"

Pal is the name of a Chandravanshi Kshatriya Clan. As the name suggest its power; Pal means protector.

In Muslim invasion time all Kshatriyas' had gone to forests due to bad circumstances. They scattered here and there. In order to re-organise all the scattered chandravanshi kshatriyas' a Hindu Maha Sammelan was held in 1911 in Jaipur. Consequently, of Maha Sammelan of Jaipur in 1911, the two Mahasabhas' were established. One with the name of Akhil Bhartiya PAL Mahasabha and other was Akhil Bhartia Yadav Mahasabha.

Because the Chandravanshi's were further divided in two groups one is KURUVANSHI and another is YADUVANSHI. Commonly Pal & Yadavs known as Chandravanshi Kshatriyas'. By profession both groups known as (Gwala/Rajput/Kshatriya) in India. They are also known as PAL Kshatriya / PAL Thakurs / Pali Rajput in western part of country. Their gotras are:

  • Tomar,Segar,Sisodia,Becholia, Katrya,Kachwaha,Ahir,Bhindwar, Chandel,Spah,Kokende, Rotella,Hiranwar,Baniaa, Thanmbar,Fulsungha, Raraya,Reyar,Mohaniya, Nigote, padariya, Sriswar,Pindwar/Pandwar

    Introduction of Pal family

    On the northern fringe of the present day Uttar Pradesh province of India, at the Indo-Nepal, Indo-Tibetan border, there was a small state called Askote. This state had been created and owned by a splintered branch of Katyuri kings in the 13th century A.D. A well-written history of the Katyuri kings and their empire is not available. However, in 1875, E.T. Atkinson was appointed by the British government to prepare a detailed district-wise report on the then northwestern province of British India. According to him the Katyuri Empire once extended in the east from Bhagalpur, district Bihar (in India) to Kabul (in Afghanistan) in the west. According to a legend prevalent in the Pal family of Askote and as recorded by Atkinson, one Shaliwahan Dev had gone to the Himalayas from Ayodhya and settled in Joshimath, near Badrinath (Garhwal). One of his descendants, Basu Dev, once went out for hunting and upon returning to his residence found a man sleeping in his bed. Enraged by his insolence, regional wars and revolutions, which led to destruction and burning of villages houses and old documents. Atkinson personally met with Pushkar Pal, Rajwar of Askote in 1871, who gave him details about his dynasty and the family history, including the genealogy. Based upon this information and some available copper plate inscriptions, Atkinson wrote about the Askote family in the Himalayan Gazetteer.


    Kingdoms deveoped by PAL Kshatriyas

    Pal or Pawar Dynasty

    The founder of the Pal or Panwar dynasty � of which the present raja is the 61st descendant�was Kanak Pal, who came to Uttarakhand in the 9th century AD, possibly from Maharashtra. He married the daughter of Bhanu Pratap, a chieftain of Chandpur Garhi, and thus himself became the chieftain at this fortress town.

    It was Raja Ajay Pal, Kanak Pal�s 37th descendant, who established the supremacy of the Panwars after defeating the 52 chieftains who existed in Garhwal, in the early 16th century AD. He shifted from Chandpur Garhi first to Dewalgarh and then to his new capital, Srinagar. In time, the rulers of Garhwal consolidated the power and size of their kingdom. In fact, Garhwal was an independent kingdom on which the mighty Mughals of Delhi had neither influence nor supremacy. The suffix �Pal� was changed to �Shah� some time in the 17th century.

    In 1803, Garhwal was over-run by the Gorkhas and the then king, Raja Pradyuman Shah, lost both his life and his kingdom to them. It was Raja Sudarshan Shah who, after wresting his kingdom back from the Gorkhas after 12 years with the help of the British, shifted the capital of the Tehri Riyasat to Tehri in 1815.

    However, the court fortune-teller and pandit foresaw doom for the city (a prophesy that did come true as Tehri no longer exits) and urged Raja Narendra Shah, Raja Sudarshan Shah�s successor and the 59th ruler of the dynasty, to shift his capital. Following his court�s advice, Raja Narendra Shah made the new town of Narendra Nagar his capital in 1919. The town is named after its founding father Narendra Shah. Another reason he may have moved is that, for several generations, the ruler of the Shah dynasty always died before the age of 30. He felt that he might avoid the same fate by moving his capital. Some say that he was advised by a doctor to move from Tehri for health reason. One more reason that is cited for shifting the capital is that Narendra Shah wanted to set an example in putting an end to the Prabhu Seva tradition. When the royal family moved from Tehri to Dehradun for the winter, the luggage was carried over the long distance by people caught in this unpleasant tradition. It was felt that Narendra Nagar�s proximity to Dehradun would help this cause.

    The small town of Odathali in the Lower Himalayas was chosen as the site for Narendra Nagar because of its scenic beauty and its proximity to the plains of north India. Between 1919 and 1936, the town continued to grow. Residential and government buildings were added. Raja Narendra Shah also has the Rishikesh-Narendra Nagar-Tehri and the Rishikesh-Devprayag-Kirtinagar roads constructed.

    The neat layout of this erstwhile royal township is in evidence even today. Some of the buildings such as the hospital and the secretariat are still in use. The bazaar buildings too were built in 1919. They earlier housed the king�s staff � the ground floor was used to tether horses while the first floor was used for staff quarters.

    In the early 1900s, Narendra Nagar was a popular destination for the British rulers of the time. The Palace 'Annexe' was added to the original palace building in 1910 to house Lord Linlithgow, the then Viceroy of India, and his entourage who visited Narendra Nagar fairly often. Over the years, the Palace has also hosted many distinguished guests�Late Lal Bahadur Shastri and Late Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Prime Ministers of India, and spiritual leaders such as Ma Anandmayi and Swami Shivananda as well as the last British Viceroy of India�Lord Louis Mountbatten. The Palace Annexe is now home to the resort Ananda in the Himalayas.

    The late Raja Manavendra Shah took over the reigns of Tehri-Garhwal from his father Raja Narendra Shah who abdicated due to poor health in 1946. The province was eventually merged with the territory of Uttar Pradesh shortly after India gained her independence.

    For four decades, the town remained the headquarters of District Tehri-Garhwal till, in 1989, New Tehri became the headquarters.


    Pal Haveli - Jodhpur

    The Term haveli describes the traditional Indian mansion or Courtyard house, a large Family residence built around one or several Central Courtyard, with external walls rising directly against public streets.

    Pal Haveli, located centrally in front of the clock Tower on the main street in jodhpur, Rajasthan was built by Thakur of Pal in 1847. The house has been inhabited by the Nobel family for more than 150 years. Pal haveli has Fascinated western guests since 1887, when Edwin Lord Weeks Sketched the Pal's Thakur Residence for Harper's Magazines. Now Pal's Haveli welcome another generation of honored guests to Pal Haveli.


    Great Holkar Rajvansh

    The Great Maharaja Yashwantrao Holkar was the first freedom fighter who made an army, in 1803, mostly consisting of Dhangars to fight with the British and to drive them out of India single handedly. He built a factory to manufacture tanks. He appealed to the rest of the Kings of India and said, "First Country and then Religion. We will have to rise above caste, religion and our states in the interest of our country. You too must wage a war against the British like me". His appeal fell on deaf ears as all of them had already signed treaties with the British. The Dhangars took part in the revolt of 1857. Many of them were hanged till death in Berar (M.P.). The Bristish were so much afraid of Dhangars that they made a law banning purchase of land by Dhangars stating a reason that they were not Kunbis(Agriculturists). They were opperessed in all spheres of life, they were never allowed to come forward.

    He was the only King in India to whom the British approached to sign a peace treaty. Initially he refused to sign any treaty with the British but when he saw that rest of the Kings were not ready to unite and were interested in personal benifts he was the last to sign a treaty with the British on 24 December 1805 at Rajghat. He didn't accept any condition which would affect his self respect.


    Great Vijaynagar Empire

    Vijayanagara Empire, 1446-1520 CE

    This empire was founded by the Sangama brothers Hakka and Bukka who stated in inscriptions that they were from the Golla (Yadava-Holkar-Shepard)caste. This is the same caste as Lord Krishna and the Maharajas of Indore and Mysore. Some historians claim that they were generals in the Kakatiya empire that ended up forming their own empire, others claim they were the five sons of the Hoysala King, another theory claims they were northern officials of the Mughal empire sent to administer the territory for them but ended up declaring their independence under the influence of a Hindu sage. Most reliable historians believe they are originally from Karnataka and from the Kuruba or Yadava caste. The Vijayanagara Empire was founded as the last bastion of Hinduism against Islamic oppression from Tughlaq rule in the Deccan, lasting for more than two centuries as the dominant power in South India.

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